Safety, Basic Firearm, and Ammo



  1. Treat ALL firearms as if they are loaded
  2. NEVER point the muzzle of a firearm at anything you are  not willing to destroy
  3. Your finger should remain straight and OFF the trigger until you intend to shoot
  4.  Identify your target and what’s beyond it

Which Type of Firearm 

Should I Carry

There are Two Types of
Commonly Carried Firearms

1) Revolver

        • The revolver consist of a Frame, Barrel, Cylinder, Hammer, and Trigger
        • Revolvers do not have any type of mechanical safety

2) Semi-Automatic

        • Semi-Automatics consist of a Frame, Barrel, Slide, Hammer, and Trigger.
        • Semi-Automatics may or may not come with a mechanical safety.

Ammunition and the Anatomy

There are 2 types of ammunition commonly used

a) Ball which is great for plinking/practicing and commonly referred to as FMJ (full metal jacket)

b) Hollow Point which is what’s considered a defensive round. The bullet (projectile) expands on impact expelling its energy as quickly as possible

The 4 components to

 every cartridge

  1. Primer = this is what the firing pins strikes causing the spark that ignites the gun powder.
  2. Powder = which in the beginning they all used black powder now they use a fast burning smokeless powder with a combination of nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin.
  3. Case = most cases are made of brass but some are steel and nickel  plated. This holds the primer in it’s base and houses the powder.
  4. Bullet = also referred to as a projectile, pew pew, or freedom seeds. They come in a variety of shape, sizes, and weights depending on the shooters needs.